Rev. Increase Mather frequently wrote on the role of divine providence in natural disasters and phenomenon. He preached on the need for his congregation to rededicate themselves to their covenant with God and used disaster narratives as evidence of their lapse in faith. In Illustrious Providences, he wrote “Such Divine Judgements, Tempests, Floods, Earth-quakes, Thunders as are unusual, strange Apparitions or what ever else shall happen that is Prodigious, Witchcrafts, Diabolical Possessions, Remarkable Judgements upon noted Sinners.” After Mather’s experience in the late 1670s with King Philip’s War, the Boston Fire of 1676, and a smallpox outbreak, his writing focused on this call to interpret disasters as providence. Illustrious Providences called for other ministers to record and publish these events to convince people of the urgency to recommit to the church.