Lisbon earthquake, 1755

Title

Lisbon earthquake, 1755

Description

This lithograph, Destruction de Lisbon, is one of many visual representations of the great earthquake that--in conjunction with the fire and tsunami that it caused--killed as many as 40,000 people and destroyed the Portuguese capital on 1 November 1755.

Often called the “first modern disaster,” the great Lisbon earthquake gave rise to vigorous investigations of its causes, with empirical observations and scientific knowledge informing the ambitious rebuilding of the ruined city. The horrific and widely publicized disaster also led to the first international relief effort in world history. More than any previous disaster, the Lisbon earthquake also became the subject of sermons, songs, poems, visual representations, and eyewitness accounts that circulated throughout Europe and its colonies in America.

Creator

Anonymous (French)

Source

NISEE e-Library Earthquake Engineering Online Archive

Date

ca.1755

Contributor

Cynthia A. Kierner

Format

Lithograph

Type

Still image

Coverage

1700-1799

Original Format

Lithograph

Files

1755_Lisbon_earthquake.jpg

Citation

Anonymous (French), “Lisbon earthquake, 1755,” Disaster History Archive, accessed October 23, 2021, http://disasterhistoryarchive.cynthiakierner.org/items/show/15.

Output Formats

Geolocation