Containing the Plague, 1630

Title

Containing the Plague, 1630

Description

In response to the plague outbreak in Northern Italy between 1629 and 1631, King Phillip IV of Spain enacted strict measures to prevent its spread into his own kingdom. Issued in 1630, this proclamation restricted entry into Spain to those with a certificate of health. Due to Spain controlling several kingdoms in Italy (including Naples, Sicily, and Sardinia), this proclamation no doubt sought to protect Spain and its Empire from the disease, by ensuring that only healthy persons could travel enter their previously uninfected territories.

Milan suffered two waves of plague between 1630 and 1631, and its neighbors, including the Republic of Venice, the Duchy of Mantua, the Republic of Florence, the Duchy of Modena, the Papal States, and Tyrol all suffered from the outbreak between 1629 and 1631. Some localities created public health offices in response to a plague in the 1570’s, and this proclamation reflects this relatively new official commitment to promoting public health.

This sort of royal proclamation announcing such a quarantine was extremely rare for this time. Its text is as follows:

Public proclamation and (vando), who by order of His Majesty has been published in his court, to be kept in it, and in the other cities, towns, and places of these kingdoms, as agreed by the council.
With License.
In Madrid, by the widow of Alonso Martin, Year 1630.
Sold at Martin de Gil’s house in Cordoba

Creator

King Phillip IV of Spain)

Source

Extraordinary Objects-Extraordinary Stories: Celebrating the NLM Collections. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health. Bethesda, Maryland. 1996.

Date

1630

Contributor

Trevor A. De Rosch

Format

Book

Type

Text

Coverage

1450-1700

Files

Proclamation.jpg

Citation

King Phillip IV of Spain), “Containing the Plague, 1630,” Disaster History Archive, accessed October 23, 2021, http://disasterhistoryarchive.cynthiakierner.org/items/show/25.

Output Formats

Geolocation